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Water Vapour Cavitation in Hydraulic Fluids

[+] Author Affiliations
Filipp Kratschun, Tobias Mielke, Katharina Schmitz

RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Paper No. FPMC2018-8872, pp. V001T01A038; 8 pages
  • BATH/ASME 2018 Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control
  • BATH/ASME 2018 Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control
  • Bath, UK, September 12–14, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluid Power Systems and Technology Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5196-8
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


Cavitation in hydraulic systems leads to cavitation erosion which ultimately results in system failure [1, 2] and the reduction of the systems’ stiffness. There are three types of cavitation known: gas, vapour and pseudo cavitation [3].

In previous gas-cavitation studies enormous air release rates in hydraulic fluids have been discovered which could not be explained just by the diffusion of dissolved air through bubble’s boundary. A possible explanation is the simultaneous occurrence of vapour cavitation in conjunction with gas-cavitation. However, this requires drastic pressure drops below several Pa, which is hard to achieve in hydraulic systems.

This article introduces a further hypothesis for the unexplainable air release rates as fourth type of cavitation. Technical fluids can dissolve other fluids, such as water, to a degree which evaporate at much higher pressures compared to the base fluid.

Based on a standard HLP 46 hydraulic oil and water as dissolved fluid, the presented hypothesis is verified. Firstly, a phenomenological mathematical model is developed. Subsequently, a test rig is presented to prove the hypothesis.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



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