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Fabrication of Soft and Stretchable Electronics Through Integration of Printed Silver Nanoparticles and Liquid Metal Alloy

[+] Author Affiliations
Mahmoud Tavakoli, Hugo Paisana, Daniel Green Marques, Pedro Alhais Lopes, Ana P. Piedade, Anibal T. de Almeida

University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

Mohammad H. Malakooti, Yunsik Ohm, Carmel Majidi

Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA

Paper No. SMASIS2018-8007, pp. V002T08A006; 5 pages
  • ASME 2018 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems
  • Volume 2: Mechanics and Behavior of Active Materials; Structural Health Monitoring; Bioinspired Smart Materials and Systems; Energy Harvesting; Emerging Technologies
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, September 10–12, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5195-1
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


Liquid metal (LM) alloys such as eutectic gallium indium (EGaIn) and gallium-indium-tin (Galinstan) have been used in the fabrication of soft and stretchable electronics during the past several years. The liquid-phase and high electrical conductivity of these materials make them one of the best candidates for fabrication of deformable electronics and multifunctional material systems. While liquid metals are highly reliable for fabrication of simple circuits and stretchable microfluidic devices, their application for producing complex circuits faces fabrication challenges due to their high surface tension and surface oxidization. In this study, we propose a scalable, cost-effective, and versatile technique to print complex circuits using silver nanoparticles and transform them into stretchable electronics by incorporating eutectic gallium indium alloys to the circuit. As a result, the deposited liquid metal considerably increases the electrical conductivity and stretchability of the fabricated electronics. The reliability and performance of these stretchable conductors are demonstrated by studying their electromechanical behavior and integrating them into skin-like electronics, termed electronic tattoos.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



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