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Design Development of Rotational Energy Harvesting Vibration Absorber (R-EHTVA)

[+] Author Affiliations
Francesco Infante, William Kaal, Sara Perfetto, Sven Herold

Fraunhofer LBF, Darmstadt, Germany

Paper No. SMASIS2018-7902, pp. V002T07A001; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/SMASIS2018-7902
From:
  • ASME 2018 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems
  • Volume 2: Mechanics and Behavior of Active Materials; Structural Health Monitoring; Bioinspired Smart Materials and Systems; Energy Harvesting; Emerging Technologies
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, September 10–12, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5195-1
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

This paper proposes a novel idea of a combined piezoelectric energy harvesting and torsional vibration absorber for rotating system. In particular, among possible alternative solutions for durable power sources useable in mechanical components, vibration represents a suitable method for the amount of power required to feed a wireless sensor network. For this purpose energy harvesting from structural vibration has received much attention in the past few years. Suitable vibration can be found in numerous mechanical environments including automotive moving structures, household applications, but also buildings and bridges. Similarly, a dynamic vibration absorber (DVA) is one of the most used devices to mitigate the vibration structures. This device is used to transfer the primary structural vibration to the auxiliary system. Thus, vibration energy is effectively localized in the secondary less sensitive structure and it can be harvested. This paper describes the design process of an energy harvesting tuned vibration absorber for rotating system using piezoelectricity components. Instead of being dissipated as heat, the energy of vibration is converted into electricity. The device proposed is designed to mitigate torsional vibrations as a rotational vibration absorber and to harvest energy as a power source for immediate use. The initial rotational multi degree of freedom system is initially reduced in equivalent single degree of freedom (SDOF) systems. An optimization method is used for evaluating the optimal mechanical parameters of the initial absorber for the SDOF systems defined. The design is modified for the integration of the active patches without detuning the absorber. In order to estimate the real power generated, a complex storage circuit is implemented. A fixed voltage is obtained as output. Through the introduction of a big capacitor, the energy stored is measured at different frequencies. Finally, the simultaneously achievement of the vibration reduction function and the energy harvesting function is evaluated.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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