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Enhanced Vibration Energy-Harvesting Using Inerter-Based Two-Degree-of-Freedom System

[+] Author Affiliations
Mingyi Liu, Wei-Che Tai, Lei Zuo

Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA

Paper No. DSCC2018-9152, pp. V002T18A002; 10 pages
  • ASME 2018 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Control and Optimization of Connected and Automated Ground Vehicles; Dynamic Systems and Control Education; Dynamics and Control of Renewable Energy Systems; Energy Harvesting; Energy Systems; Estimation and Identification; Intelligent Transportation and Vehicles; Manufacturing; Mechatronics; Modeling and Control of IC Engines and Aftertreatment Systems; Modeling and Control of IC Engines and Powertrain Systems; Modeling and Management of Power Systems
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, September 30–October 3, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5190-6
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


In rotational electromagnetic generator based vibration energy-harvesting systems, the generator rotor is an inerter. From analysis, it is found that the inerter decreases system frequency bandwidth in single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) energy-harvesting systems. The maximum electric power output of a SDOF system is limited by mechanical damping and maximum stroke that allowed. Two-degree-of-freedom (2DOF) energy-harvesting systems was proposed in recent years and has been shown to have the potential to have better power, power/stroke ratio, and frequency bandwidth performance compared with SDOF systems. However, extra mass has to be added in most of the case. In this paper, a new design of inerter-based-2DOF energy-harvesting system was proposed by adding a spring in series with the inerter in SDOF system. No extra mass is added compared with its counterpart SDOF system. Optimal specific power at limited stroke were obtained by tuning system parameters, which includes resonance frequency ratio, spring ratio, mass ratio, and damping ratio. The contribution of each parameter to system performance was analyzed. The results show that the proposed inerter-based-2DOF system has better performance compared with the SDOF system. The inerter-based-2DOF can have larger specific power and larger power/stroke ratio over a wider frequency bandwidth. Simulation also show that improved performance not only obtained with sinusoidal excitation with constant displacement amplitude, but also with sinusoidal excitation with constant force amplitude.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



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