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Modeling Large Deflections of Initially Curved Beams in Compliant Mechanisms Using Chained Beam-Constraint-Model

[+] Author Affiliations
Guimin Chen

Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China

Fulei Ma

Xidian University, Xi'an, China

Guangbo Hao

University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

Weidong Zhu

University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD

Paper No. DETC2018-85515, pp. V05AT07A007; 11 pages
  • ASME 2018 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 5A: 42nd Mechanisms and Robotics Conference
  • Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, August 26–29, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5180-7
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


Understanding and analyzing large and nonlinear deflections is one of the major challenges of designing compliant mechanisms. Initially curved beams can offer potential advantages to designers of compliant mechanisms and provide useful alternatives to initially straight beams. However, the literature on analysis and design using such beams is rather limited. This paper presents a general and accurate method for modeling large planar deflections of initially curved beams of uniform cross-sections, which can be easily adapted to curved beams of various shapes. This method discretizes a curved beam into a few elements and models each element as a circular-arc beam using the beam constraint model (BCM). Two different discretization schemes are provided for the method, among which the equal discretization is suitable for circular-arc beams and the unequal discretization is for curved beams of other shapes. Compliant mechanisms utilizing initially curved beams of circular-arc, cosine and parabola shapes are modeled to demonstrate the effectiveness of CBCM for initially curved beams of various shapes. The method is also accurate enough to capture the relevant nonlinear load-deflection characteristics.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



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