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Design of Mechanical Metamaterials via Constrained Bayesian Optimization

[+] Author Affiliations
Conner Sharpe, Carolyn Conner Seepersad

University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

Seth Watts, Dan Tortorelli

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

Paper No. DETC2018-85270, pp. V02AT03A029; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2018-85270
From:
  • ASME 2018 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2A: 44th Design Automation Conference
  • Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, August 26–29, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5175-3
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

Advances in additive manufacturing processes have made it possible to build mechanical metamaterials with bulk properties that exceed those of naturally occurring materials. One class of these metamaterials is structural lattices that can achieve high stiffness to weight ratios. Recent work on geometric projection approaches has introduced the possibility of optimizing these architected lattice designs in a drastically reduced parameter space. The reduced number of design variables enables application of a new class of methods for exploring the design space. This work investigates the use of Bayesian optimization, a technique for global optimization of expensive non-convex objective functions through surrogate modeling. We utilize formulations for implementing probabilistic constraints in Bayesian optimization to aid convergence in this highly constrained engineering problem, and demonstrate results with a variety of stiff lightweight lattice designs.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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