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Modeling and Mitigation of Acoustic Induced Vibration (AIV) in Piping Systems

[+] Author Affiliations
Brandon L. Ridens, Timothy C. Allison, Sarah B. Simons, Klaus Brun

Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX

Paper No. PVP2018-84107, pp. V007T07A009; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2018-84107
From:
  • ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 7: Operations, Applications, and Components
  • Prague, Czech Republic, July 15–20, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5170-8
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

This paper explores new analysis techniques and mitigation concepts developed to extend the current state of the art acoustic induced vibrations (AIV) analyses. These new methods are intended to provide more accurate evaluations of this phenomenon in an attempt to solve AIV problems found in blowdown and piping systems. Current screening methods for AIV are based on pass/fail data with minimal or undesired options for reducing the likelihood of failure for AIV events. Computational fluid dynamics simulations and finite element analysis in combination with lab testing of novel mitigation options using accelerometers, dynamic pressure transducers, and strain gages were performed to better understand the phenomenon and develop possible solutions to reduce the impact of AIV on piping systems.

Results of the testing and analyses performed at the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) indicate that there is a possible correlation with acoustic modes, structural modes, and elevated stresses during AIV events. Minor reductions in dynamic pressure fluctuations throughout piping during AIV events can be made by changes in valve geometry and piping configurations. Results of CFD modeling and analysis demonstrate that computational analysis can be used to evaluate mitigation strategies and suggest that the use of a dampener as a mitigation technique may be successful in reducing the amplitudes of dynamic pressure waves in piping systems caused by AIV events.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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