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Effect of Clamping Failure on Flow Induced Vibration and Fretting Wear of Fuel Rods

[+] Author Affiliations
Qi Huan-huan, Feng Zhi-peng, Xiong Fu-rui, Jiang Nai-bin, Huang Qian, Huang Xuan

Nuclear Power Institute of China, Chengdu, China

Paper No. PVP2018-84326, pp. V004T04A001; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2018-84326
From:
  • ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 4: Fluid-Structure Interaction
  • Prague, Czech Republic, July 15–20, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5165-4
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

Fuel rods are subjected to both axial and lateral flow in the reactor core. In this study, we present a study on the flow induced vibration (FIV) and fretting wear of fuel rod with failed clamping at grids. First, according to the flow distribution around a type of pressurized water reactor (PWR) fuel rod, the power spectral density (PSD) is obtained to characterize the turbulence excitation. Next, by combining the correlation PSD test parameters, the mean square value of the vibration displacement of each rod mode is found, and then the wear depth of dimple position is calculated based on the ARCHARD wear formula. The clamping of fuel rod at various grids may fail due to inaccurate manufacturing, fuel transportation and in-core irradiation. The absence of clamping force would significantly influence the rod mode and thereby changes its FIV responses. Simulation results show that the failure of the leaf spring has negligible effect on the rod natural frequency whereas the dimple failure near the location with larger FIV amplitude has a much significant effect. The lateral flow velocities at the inlet and outlet of the core are larger. For the fully clamped fuel rod, the response amplitude of turbulent excitation at the bottom and top of the fuel rod is larger. This is even more obvious with a failed dimple at these locations. Comparatively, the effect of dimple support failure in the middle is less influential. The influence of dimple support failure over the rod wear depth depicts basically the same trend as on the maximum FIV amplitude. In addition to the FIV amplitude, wear depth is also related to rod natural frequency. By examining the multiplication of amplitude and frequency at the top and bottom grid, we found that the dimple failure has greater impact at the top grid.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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