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The Effects of the Inlet Guide Vanes on an Axial Pump Under Off Design Points

[+] Author Affiliations
Zhi-Wei Guo, Jing-Ye Pan, Zhong-Dong Qian

Wuhan University, Wuhan, China

Paper No. FEDSM2018-83071, pp. V003T12A008; 5 pages
  • ASME 2018 5th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 3: Fluid Machinery; Erosion, Slurry, Sedimentation; Experimental, Multiscale, and Numerical Methods for Multiphase Flows; Gas-Liquid, Gas-Solid, and Liquid-Solid Flows; Performance of Multiphase Flow Systems; Micro/Nano-Fluidics
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, July 15–20, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5157-9
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


The performances of an axial pump with and without inlet guide vanes (IGVs) are investigated by both experimental method and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method. Besides the stall inception, an obvious “positive slope” phenomenon appears under off-design operating points in experiment without IGVs. The experimental data also shows that IGVs can change the performance of axial pumps and remove the “positive slope”. The CFD is mainly used to reveal the mechanism of the “positive slope” phenomenon, where the simulated results are firstly validated in comparison with the experimental data. The results obtained show that the reason for this “positive slope” is due to the backflow vortex in front of the impeller, and the tip clearance is found to take an important role in forming this backflow vortex.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



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