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Wing Tip Vortex Development Under a Grid Generated Turbulent Flow

[+] Author Affiliations
Kamal Ben Miloud, Marouen Dghim, Hachimi Fellouah

Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada

Mohsen Ferchichi

Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada

Paper No. FEDSM2018-83478, pp. V001T07A008; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2018-83478
From:
  • ASME 2018 5th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1: Flow Manipulation and Active Control; Bio-Inspired Fluid Mechanics; Boundary Layer and High-Speed Flows; Fluids Engineering Education; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion and Mixing; Turbulent Flows; Vortex Dynamics; DNS/LES and Hybrid RANS/LES Methods; Fluid Structure Interaction; Fluid Dynamics of Wind Energy; Bubble, Droplet, and Aerosol Dynamics
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, July 15–20, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5155-5
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

The interaction of a NACA 0012 wingtip vortex with a grid-generated flow was investigated in this paper. The experiments were conducted in the near and mid-wakes regions at three free stream turbulence (FST) levels of 0.5% (empty wind tunnel), 3% and 6%, and at two Reynolds numbers, based on the wing chord length, of 2 × 105 and 3 × 105. Stereoscopic Particle Image Velocimetry (SPIV) and hot wire measurements were carried out at four downstream positions, namely x/c = 0.5, 2.5, 5 and 7. Streamwise velocity contours showed that the wingtip vortex decayed with increased FST and downstream distance. In the vortex core region, the streamwise velocity decelerated while the vortex adopted a wake-like profile. FST was found to decrease the vortex circulation, to increase the vortex radius, and to increase the vortex meandering amplitude. By increasing the Reynolds number, the grid cases showed a small variation of the vortex radius and vorticity peak, particularly at downstream positions of 5 and 7. With meandering correction, the turbulence level within the vortex core were found to be reduced as the artificial turbulence induced by the vortex meandering was removed.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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