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Flow Structures and Vortex Dynamics in the Wake of Three Tandem Prisms

[+] Author Affiliations
Qinmin Zheng, Md. Mahbub Alam

Harbin Institute of Technology, Shenzhen, China

Paper No. FEDSM2018-83127, pp. V001T07A003; 10 pages
  • ASME 2018 5th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1: Flow Manipulation and Active Control; Bio-Inspired Fluid Mechanics; Boundary Layer and High-Speed Flows; Fluids Engineering Education; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion and Mixing; Turbulent Flows; Vortex Dynamics; DNS/LES and Hybrid RANS/LES Methods; Fluid Structure Interaction; Fluid Dynamics of Wind Energy; Bubble, Droplet, and Aerosol Dynamics
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, July 15–20, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5155-5
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


A study of the flow around three tandem square prisms may provide us a better understanding of complicated flow physics related to multiple closely spaced structures. In this paper, a numerical investigation on the flow around three tandem prisms at Reynolds number Re = 150 is conducted for L/W = 1.2 ∼ 10.0, where L is the prism center-to-center spacing and W is the prism width. Four distinct flow regimes and their ranges are identified, viz., single bluff-body flow (L/W < 3.0), alternating reattachment flow (3.0 < L/W < 4.3), synchronized coshedding flow (4.3 < L/W < 7.3) and desynchronized coshedding flow (7.3 < L/W ≤ 10.0). The synchronized coshedding flow can be further subdivided into two regimes: single St flow (4.3 < L/W < 5.1) and dual St flow (5.1 < L/W < 7.3). A secondary vortex street following the primary vortex street is observed for the dual St flow and the desynchronized coshedding flow. The detailed physics of the evolution of the primary vortex street to the secondary is imparted. The inherent frequency associated with the secondary vortex street is smaller than that with the primary. The evolution process of the primary vortex street to the secondary leads to a tertiary frequency. The DMD (dynamic mode decomposition) analysis for the first time is proposed as a useful and quantitative tool to identify the secondary vortex street and its onset position.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



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