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Characteristics of Large Vortical Structures in the Shallow Wake Flow With a Gap Near the Bed

[+] Author Affiliations
Monsif Shinneeb

Higher Colleges of Technology, Abu Dhabi, UAE

Ram Balachandar

University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada

Paper No. FEDSM2018-83501, pp. V001T06A020; 9 pages
  • ASME 2018 5th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1: Flow Manipulation and Active Control; Bio-Inspired Fluid Mechanics; Boundary Layer and High-Speed Flows; Fluids Engineering Education; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion and Mixing; Turbulent Flows; Vortex Dynamics; DNS/LES and Hybrid RANS/LES Methods; Fluid Structure Interaction; Fluid Dynamics of Wind Energy; Bubble, Droplet, and Aerosol Dynamics
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, July 15–20, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5155-5
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


PIV measurements were made to investigate the turbulent wake flow generated by a vertical sharp-edged flat plate suspended in a shallow channel flow with a gap near the bed. The purpose of this study is to investigate the behaviour of large vortical structures in the wake flow. The investigation focused on the horizontal velocity field in the mid-distance between the bottom bed and the top free surface. Two different gap heights between the channel bed and the bottom edge of the bluff body was studied. These two cases were compared to the no-gap flow case which is considered as a reference case. The Reynolds number based on the water depth was 45,000. The large vortical structures were exposed by analyzing the PIV velocity fields using the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) method. Only few modes were used for the POD reconstruction of the velocity fields to recover ∼50% of the turbulent kinetic energy. A vortex identification algorithm was then employed to quantify the number, size, circulation, and direction of rotation of the exposed vortices. A statistical analysis of the distribution of number, size, and strength of the identified vortices was carried out to explore the characteristics of the vortical structures.

The results revealed that the number of vortical structures increased as a result of the gap flow with a corresponding decrease in the vortex size and strength. This behaviour is attributed to the production of new vortices and the enhancement of the tearing process.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Topics: Wakes



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