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Vortex Identification Study of a Turbulent Cavity Flow

[+] Author Affiliations
Khaled J. Hammad

Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT

Paper No. FEDSM2018-83048, pp. V001T06A002; 11 pages
  • ASME 2018 5th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1: Flow Manipulation and Active Control; Bio-Inspired Fluid Mechanics; Boundary Layer and High-Speed Flows; Fluids Engineering Education; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion and Mixing; Turbulent Flows; Vortex Dynamics; DNS/LES and Hybrid RANS/LES Methods; Fluid Structure Interaction; Fluid Dynamics of Wind Energy; Bubble, Droplet, and Aerosol Dynamics
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, July 15–20, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5155-5
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


A combined vortex identification and Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) analysis is applied to high-resolution Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurements of a turbulent flow past an open shallow cavity. The PIV measurements, at a cavity depth based Reynolds number of 42,000, capture the flow structure and turbulence, upstream, over, and downstream an open cavity having a length-to-depth ratio of four. Vorticity and second invariant Q of the velocity gradient tensor analysis are used to identify the vortical structures and the overall flow field features. POD analysis is applied to the vorticity and Q fields to identify the most energetic vortical structures and flow features. The results demonstrate the superiority of the combined Q-criterion and POD analysis in identifying distinct vortical structures and their evolution.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



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