Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Internal Groove Influenced Thermohydraulic Performance on an Air-Channel

[+] Author Affiliations
Gazi I. Mahmood, Aasa Samson

University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

Paper No. FEDSM2018-83236, pp. V001T05A002; 6 pages
  • ASME 2018 5th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1: Flow Manipulation and Active Control; Bio-Inspired Fluid Mechanics; Boundary Layer and High-Speed Flows; Fluids Engineering Education; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion and Mixing; Turbulent Flows; Vortex Dynamics; DNS/LES and Hybrid RANS/LES Methods; Fluid Structure Interaction; Fluid Dynamics of Wind Energy; Bubble, Droplet, and Aerosol Dynamics
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, July 15–20, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5155-5
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


Internal fins, protrusions, and porous foams enhance the local convective heat transfer at the channel walls in the heat exchangers, electronic chips for cooling, and solar panels for cooling and heating by promoting the local turbulence in flow. However, the fluid pumping power in the channel suffers due to the blockage and high pressure drop caused by the fins, protrusions, and foams. The present article reports the experimental friction factors and Nusselt numbers in a rectangular channel with an array of internal grooves in one wall. The grooves provide the minimum flow blockage, but still promote the local turbulence to enhance the surface heat transfer. The cylindrical grooves are machined at 45° to the mean air-flow direction in one of the wide walls of the channel of aspect ratio of 40.6:1. The ratio of groove print-diameter to depth is 2.83:1. The objectives are to investigate the effects of groove pitch on the thermal performance in the channel as the flow Reynolds number (Re) varies between 600 and 15000. Two ratios of groove-pitch to print-diameter are employed — 3.2:1 and 4.5:1. The measurements include the distributions of the wall staticpressure and heat transfer coefficient along the channel wall having the grooves. The pressure distributions are obtained at the adiabatic condition. The heat transfer coefficients are obtained with the constant heat flux boundary condition from the grooved surface. The measurements are also obtained in the smooth channel when the grooved wall is replaced by a smooth wall for comparisons with the grooved channel. The results indicate the ratio of Darcy friction factor (f/fo) for the grooved channel (f) to that for the smooth channel (fo) increases with the Re by 27% and 41% at the maximum for the two grooves. The f/fo ratios are slightly higher for the grooves with the smaller pitch. The fully developed Nusselt number ratio (Nu/Nuo) for the grooved channel (Nu) to that for the smooth channel (Nuo) increases with the Re by 37% at the maximum for the two grooves. However, the thermal performance quantified by the ratio (Nu/Nuo)/(f/fo)1/3 is higher for the smaller pitch grooves for most of the Reynolds numbers > 2000. The results thus contribute to the design of heat exchangers and cooling channels for high thermal performance with the ratio (Nu/Nuo)/(f/fo)1/3 > 1.0 based on the smaller surface area, pumping power, and heat duty.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In