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Experimental Study of Aerosol Behavior During Pool Scrubbing: Part 1 — Visualization Measurement of Aerosol Particle in a Single Rising Bubble

[+] Author Affiliations
Kota Fujiwara, Wataru Kikuchi, Yuki Nakamura, Shimpei Saito, Tomohisa Yuasa, Akiko Kaneko, Yutaka Abe

University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan

Paper No. ICONE26-81383, pp. V06AT08A034; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/ICONE26-81383
From:
  • 2018 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 6A: Thermal-Hydraulics and Safety Analyses
  • London, England, July 22–26, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5148-7
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

As pool scrubbing plays an important role in fission product (FP) decontamination, a reliable model is needed. Despite the needs, mechanism of FP transfer from air-water from the swarm is not explained exactly which means that the evaluation of physical model used in pre-existing model couldn’t be done enough.

Existing model for pool scrubbing is predicted in the MELCOR code. Inside the code, a simple model of bubbly jet divided in 3 regions is used: 1) Globule region where the gas including FP enter and collapse, 2) Swarm rise region where the bubble rises up stationary after the collapse is done and, 3) Entrainment region where the bubble pop out to the atmosphere. In each region, the decontamination factor (DF), the particle density ratio before and after each region, is calculated. On these region, flow and physical force inside the gas phase is predicted to be one of the driving force which cause the FP transfer.

Therefore, our study aims at the particle behavior on the gas phase. As to understand the physical phenomenon individually, the study focuses on flow behavior and inner flow of a single rising bubble. As an approach, comparison of bubble containing aerosol and no aerosol has been done for each parameter of size, aspect ratio, velocity. Compared with existing equations, the rising speed of clean bubble condition and aspect ratio of CSI condition agreed well to the MELCOR code [1]. On the other hand, many difference were also measured in other condition.

Application of parameters obtained from experiment were done against the MELCOR model. Calculation of velocity inside the oil droplet using the experimental parameters obtained from visualization measurement was done. The local gravitational sedimentation and centrifugal velocity took a higher value in clean bubble and OX50 condition compared to CSI condition. On the other hand, Brownian diffusion velocity had an opposite trend. PIV measurement were performed by a silicone oil to visualize the inner flow clearly and compared with the calculation. Seen from the results, the local diffusion velocity took a lower value compared to the calculation using the MELCOR model.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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