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Numerical Investigation of Heat Transfer Characteristics of Debris Bed After Severe Accident of SFR Based on 1-D Heat Conduction Model

[+] Author Affiliations
Mengwei Zhang, Bin Zhang, Jianqiang Shan

Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China

Paper No. ICONE26-81296, pp. V06AT08A025; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/ICONE26-81296
From:
  • 2018 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 6A: Thermal-Hydraulics and Safety Analyses
  • London, England, July 22–26, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5148-7
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

Nuclear reactor severe accidents can lead to the release of a large amount of radioactive material and cause immense disaster to the environment. Since the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan, the severe accident research has drawn worldwide attention. Based on the one-dimensional heat conduction model, a DEBRIS-HT program for analyzing the heat transfer characteristics of a debris bed after a severe accident of a sodium-cooled fast reactor was developed. The basic idea of the DEBRIS-HT program is to simplify the complex energy transfer process in the debris bed to a simple one-dimensional heat transfer problem by solving the equivalent thermal conductivity in different situations. In this paper, the DEBRIS-HT program code is prepared by using the existing model and compared with the experimental results. The results show that the DEBRIS-HT program can correctly predict the heat transfer process in the fragment bed. In addition, the heat transfer characteristics analysis program is also used to model the core catcher of the China fast reactor. Firstly, the dryout heat flux when all of molten core dropped on the core catcher was calculated, which was compared with the result of Lipinski’s zero dimensional model, and the error between two values is only 11.2%. Then, the temperature distribution was calculated with the heat power of 15MW.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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