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Design of the Important Area Airborne Radioactivity Monitoring System and Calculation of the Alarm Threshold of HTR-PM

[+] Author Affiliations
Wenqian Li, Chuan Li, Jianzhu Cao, Feng Xie

Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

Paper No. ICONE26-81232, pp. V002T03A007; 5 pages
  • 2018 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 2: Plant Systems, Structures, Components, and Materials; Risk Assessments and Management
  • London, England, July 22–26, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5144-9
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


Unlike the conventional pressurized water reactor (PWR), helium is adopted as the coolant in the high-temperature gas-cooled reactor pebble-bed module (HTR-PM). Due to the leakage of the primary coolant, in certain process rooms and some important areas, the airborne radioactivity should be monitored for the purpose of personnel radiation protection and emergency control. The system executing above function in HTR-PM is called important area airborne radioactivity monitoring system. This system consists of five separate monitoring channels, in which online and/or sampling monitoring devices will be included. For radiation monitoring system of a reactor, the calculation and setting of alarm thresholds for online devices is an important issue. The set of alarm thresholds requires not only accurate calculation but also feedback from actual operational experience. The design of the high-temperature reactor is different from the PWR, so the set of the alarm thresholds need special considerations. Based on the calculation of source terms and production-removal model, the theoretical radioactive levels of the sampled gases of all the online monitors were calculated and the alarm thresholds adopted in the current design are presented in this paper. The set of the alarm thresholds takes the influences of the background and other factors into account. This paper provides a method for calculating and determining the alarm thresholds of the radiation monitoring system, which can provide references for other nuclear power plants.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



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