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A Review of Darrieus Water Turbines

[+] Author Affiliations
Wajiha Rehman

University of Engineering and Technology Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan

Fatima Rehman

Lahore College Women University, Lahore, Pakistan

Muhammad Zain Malik

National University of Modern Languages, Multan, Pakistan

Paper No. POWER2018-7547, pp. V002T12A015; 9 pages
  • ASME 2018 Power Conference collocated with the ASME 2018 12th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and the ASME 2018 Nuclear Forum
  • Volume 2: Heat Exchanger Technologies; Plant Performance; Thermal Hydraulics and Computational Fluid Dynamics; Water Management for Power Systems; Student Competition
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, June 24–28, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division, Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division, Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5140-1
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


Population explosion and rapid industrialization demands increased power production, whereas, environmental concerns are also an issue. The need of time is to develop eco-friendly technology which exploits renewable energy resources. Water is one of the most promising and cheap renewable energy resource. The gross approximate potential of hydro is 128 PW h per year while technically exploitable potential is only 26 PW h per year. Darrieus water turbine (DWT) is like Darrieus wind turbine but it operates in water instead of air. It is an emerging technology for the low head regions. This article focuses on the performance of DWT under different designing parameters i.e. different blade profiles, pitch angle, azimuth angles, tip speed ratio and effect of ducts. It will also focus on the different numerical models used for its simulation. Finally, based on the study an optimum model is selected for practical operations.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



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