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Compact Cryo-Adsorbent Hydrogen Storage Systems for Fuel Cell Vehicles

[+] Author Affiliations
David Tamburello, Bruce Hardy, Matthew Kesterson, Donald Anton

Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC

Martin Sulic, Claudio Corgnale

Savannah River Consulting, Aiken, SC

Paper No. POWER2018-7474, pp. V001T06A025; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/POWER2018-7474
From:
  • ASME 2018 Power Conference collocated with the ASME 2018 12th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and the ASME 2018 Nuclear Forum
  • Volume 1: Fuels, Combustion, and Material Handling; Combustion Turbines Combined Cycles; Boilers and Heat Recovery Steam Generators; Virtual Plant and Cyber-Physical Systems; Plant Development and Construction; Renewable Energy Systems
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, June 24–28, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division, Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division, Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5139-5
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

Numerical models for the evaluation of cryo-adsorbent based hydrogen storage systems for fuel cell vehicles were developed and validated against experimental data. These models simultaneously solve the conservation equations for heat, mass, and momentum together with the equations for the adsorbent thermodynamics. The models also use real gas thermodynamic properties for hydrogen. Model predictions were compared to data for charging and discharging both MOF-5™ and activated carbon systems. Applications of the model include detailed finite element analysis simulations as well as full vehicle-level system analyses. The present work provides an overview of the compacted adsorbent MOF-5™ storage prototype system, as well as a detailed computational analysis and its validation using 2-liter prototype test system. The results of these validated computational analyses are then projected to a full scale vehicle system, based on an 80 KW fuel cell with a 20 kW battery.

This work is part of the Hydrogen Storage Engineering Center of Excellence (HSECoE), which brings materials development and hydrogen storage technology efforts address onboard hydrogen storage in light duty vehicle applications. The HSECoE spans the design space of the vehicle requirements, balance of plant requirements, storage system components, and materials engineering. Theoretical, computational, and experimental efforts are combined to evaluate, design, analyze, and scale potential hydrogen storage systems and their supporting components against the Department of Energy (DOE) 2020 and Ultimate Technical Targets for Hydrogen Storage Systems for Light Duty Vehicles.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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