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Development and Operation of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Power Cycle Test Loop With Axial Turbo-Generator

[+] Author Affiliations
Junhyun Cho, Hyungki Shin, Jongjae Cho, Ho-Sang Ra, Chulwoo Roh, Beomjoon Lee, Gilbong Lee, Bongsu Choi, Young-Jin Baik

Korea Institute of Energy Research, Daejeon, South Korea

Paper No. GT2018-76488, pp. V009T38A018; 8 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Oil and Gas Applications; Supercritical CO2 Power Cycles; Wind Energy
  • Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5118-0
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


In order to overcome reported failure problems of turbomachinery for the supercritical carbon dioxide power cycle induced by the high rotational speed and axial force, an axial impulse-type turbo-generator with a partial admission nozzle was designed and manufactured to reduce the rotational speed and axial force. The turbine wheel part was separated by carbon ring-type mechanical seals to use conventional oillubricated tilting-pad bearings. A simple transcritical cycle using a liquid CO2 pump was constructed to drive the turbogenerator. A 600,000 kcal/h LNG fired thermal oil boiler and 200 RT chiller were used as a heat source and heat sink. The target turbine inlet temperature and pressure were 200°C and 130 bar, respectively. Two printed circuit heat exchangers were manufactured for both sides of the heater and cooler. A leakage make-up system using a reciprocating CO2 compressor; CO2 supply valve-train to the main loop and mechanical seal; and an oil cooler for the bearings, load bank, and control systems were installed. Prior to the turbine power-generating operation, a turbine bypass loop was operated using an air-driven control valve to determine the system mass flow rate and create turbine inlet conditions. Then, 11 kW of electric power was obtained under 205°C and 100 bar turbine inlet conditions, and the continuous operating time was 45 min.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



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