Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Evaluation of Coated Top Foil Bearings: Dry Friction, Drag Torque, and Dynamic Force Coefficients

[+] Author Affiliations
Luis San Andrés, Wonbae Jung

Texas A&M University, College Station, TX

Paper No. GT2018-75595, pp. V07BT34A018; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7B: Structures and Dynamics
  • Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5114-2
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


Despite their many advantages, bump-type foil bearings (BFBs) have issues of dry-friction during sliding contact at rotor start/stop cycles. To prevent premature wear of both shaft and the BFB, the proper selection and application of a coating on the top foil is of importance to ensure bearing long life. This thesis presents measurements characterizing the static and dynamic load performance of a Generation I BFB having uncoated and coated (VN, TiSiN, MoS2) top foils. The bearing, with length L and diameter D = 38 mm, integrates a 360° 0.127 mm thick top foil made of Inconel X-750, and a 27 bumps strip layer, 0.47 mm in height, made of the same stock as for the top foils. The VN and TiSiN coating, 0.005 mm thick, applies to the front and back surfaces of a top foil. The MoS2 coating, 0.020 mm thick, is sacrificial. The tests were conducted at room temperature (21°C), determined by the existing test facility. The dry-sliding torque (T) increases linearly with an increase in applied static load, max W/(LD) = 25.6 kPa. The bearing with a VN coated top foil shows the largest turning torque. The dry-sliding friction factor f = T/(½WD) decreases as the specific load (W/(LD)) increases. As expected, journal rotation towards the top foil free end (clockwise) produces a larger f than for rotations in reverse. A test-rig records the BFB drag torque during rotor acceleration and deceleration procedures to/from 70 krpm (138 m/s). The vertical load applied into a bearing equals W/(LD) = −8.0 kPa, 0 kPa and 8.0 kPa. In general, the bearing with a coated top foil shows a lesser drag torque than that of the uncoated top foil bearing. Among the coated foil bearings, the one with VN coating shows the highest drag torque, whereas another with MoS2 coating shows the lowest. When the rotor starts up, the dry-sliding friction coefficient (f) of the bearing with VN coating is ∼0.4 while f for the bearing with TiSiN coating is 0.3∼0.4. The uncoated bearing shows the largest f ∼0.6, and the MoS2 coated one has the lowest f = 0.2∼0.3. The drag torque, increasing with an increase in applied static load, is small when the rotor is airborne (lesser than ∼10% of peak torque).

Dynamic load tests spanning excitation frequencies (ω) from 200 Hz to 400 Hz serve to identify force coefficients for the test BFBs with a specific load of 16 kPa and operating with shaft speed at 50 krpm (833 Hz). Baseline measurements correspond to a null applied load and no shaft rotation. The test bearings show a remarkable behavior with nearly isotropic direct coefficients and very small cross-coupled ones. The bearing direct stiffnesses (K) increase with frequency whereas the direct damping coefficients (C) quickly decrease. The bearing material loss factor, γ = ωC/K, represents best the BFB ability to dissipate mechanical energy. Over the excitation frequency range, γ = 0.34, 0.28, and 0.12 for the uncoated top foil, VN coated and TiSiN coated bearings. The test data show the bearing loss factor correlates with the dry friction coefficient as γ ∼ (0.71 × f) at a rotor speed of 50 krpm (95 m/s). Since the top foils with VN or TiSiN are coated on both sides, kinetic friction between the back of a top foil and the bumps’ crests likely lessens during sustained contact.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In