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Fatigue of Advanced SiC/SiC Ceramic Matrix Composites at Elevated Temperature in Air and in Steam

[+] Author Affiliations
M. B. Ruggles-Wrenn, N. J. Boucher, C. P. Przybyla

Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH

Paper No. GT2018-75051, pp. V006T02A001; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2018-75051
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 6: Ceramics; Controls, Diagnostics, and Instrumentation; Education; Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy
  • Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5112-8

abstract

High-temperature mechanical properties and tension-tension fatigue of three SiC/SiC ceramic composites are discussed. Effects of steam on high-temperature fatigue are evaluated. The three composites consist of a SiC matrix reinforced with SiC (Hi-Nicalon™) fibers. Composite 1 was processed by chemical vapor infiltration (CVI) of SiC into fiber preforms coated with BN. Composite 2 had an oxidation inhibited matrix consisting of alternating SiC and B4C layers and was processed by CVI. Fiber preforms were coated with pyrolytic carbon with B4C overlay. Composite 3 had a melt-infiltrated (MI) matrix consolidated by combining CVI-SiC with SiC particulate slurry and molten Si infiltration. Fiber preforms were coated with BN. Tension-tension fatigue was investigated at 1200°C in air and in steam. Steam significantly degraded the fatigue performance of composites 1 and 3, but had little influence on the fatigue performance of composite 2. Composite microstructure, as well as damage and failure mechanisms were investigated.

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