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CFD Simulations for Film Cooling Holes: Comparison Between Different Isotropic and Anisotropic Eddy Viscosity Models

[+] Author Affiliations
Jens Dickhoff, Karsten Kusterer, Santhosh Kumar Bhaskar

B&B-AGEMA GmbH, Aachen, Germany

Dieter Bohn

RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Paper No. GT2018-75543, pp. V05AT12A008; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2018-75543
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5A: Heat Transfer
  • Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5108-1
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

In modern gas turbines, film cooling technology is essential for the protection of hot parts. Today, shaped holes are widely used, but besides others, the NEKOMIMI-shaped cooling holes have shown that there is still potential to increase the film cooling effectiveness significantly by generation of Anti-Counter-Rotating Vortices (ACRV). Within the past decade, the technology has been improved step by step at B&B-AGEMA and Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd.; mainly by means of numerical simulations. The laterally averaged film cooling effectiveness is typically captured with acceptable accuracy, but the experimental measurements still show a deviation from the numerically obtained results with respect to the local film cooling effectiveness distribution behind the film cooling hole. Nevertheless, the film cooling air spread out in the lateral direction is one of the keys for enhancement of the film cooling performance. Thus, more precise simulations are consequently necessary for improvement of the hole shape configuration.

The present study involves simulations of a baseline fan shaped hole configuration (“777 hole” investigated by Schroeder and Thole [1][2]) using different turbulence models available in STAR-CCM+ with isotropic and anisotropic turbulence consideration (constitutive relations). Distinct differences with respect to flow phenomena (detachments and vortex creation) can be observed depending on the applied turbulence model. In total, the results show that anisotropic viscosity strongly influences the film cooling performance prediction by CFD for prediction of the film cooling effectiveness, but none of the models provides acceptable accuracy in this regard.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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