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On Improving Full-Coverage Effusion Cooling Efficiency by Varying Cooling Arrangements and Wall Thickness in Double Wall Cooling Application

[+] Author Affiliations
Weihong Li, Xunfeng Lu, Xueying Li, Jing Ren, Hongde Jiang

Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

Paper No. GT2018-77230, pp. V05AT10A007; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2018-77230
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5A: Heat Transfer
  • Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5108-1
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

Overall cooling effectiveness was determined for a full-coverage effusion cooled surface which simulated a portion of a double wall cooling gas turbine blade. The overall cooling effectiveness was measured with high thermal-conductivity artificial marble using infra-red thermography. The Biot number of artificial marble was matched to real gas turbine blade conditions. Blowing ratio ranged from 0.5 to 2.5 with the density ratio of DR = 1.5. A variation of cooling arrangements, including impingement-only, film cooling-only, film cooling with impingement and film cooling with impingement and pins, as well as forward/backward film injection, were employed to provide a systematic understanding on their contribution to improve cooling efficiency. Also investigated was the effect of reducing wall thickness. Local, laterally-averaged, and area-averaged overall cooling effectiveness were shown to illustrate the effects of cooling arrangements and wall thickness. Results showed that adding impingement and pins to film cooling, and decreasing wall thickness increase the cooling efficiency significantly. Also observed was that adopting backward injection for thin full-coverage effusion plate improves the cooling efficiency.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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