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Damping of Combustion Instabilities Through Pseudo-Active Control

[+] Author Affiliations
Jesús Oliva, Ennio Luciano, Javier Ballester

University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain

Paper No. GT2018-77102, pp. V04BT04A052; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2018-77102
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4B: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions
  • Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5106-7
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

Active instability control techniques have demonstrated very good capabilities to correct combustion oscillations but, due to high costs and other practical reasons, have not achieved the success expected in gas turbines engines. A different approach, named here as ‘pseudo-active instability control’, has been explored and the first results are presented in this work. In this case, the flow of non-premixed pilot fuel is modulated by passive methods: the pressure oscillation in the combustion chamber induces a velocity fluctuation at the secondary fuel injector. In principle, damping of the instability may be achieved if the heat release oscillations due to the secondary fuel are out of phase with those of the main flame.

This work reports a first exploration of this strategy, aimed mainly at performing a proof of the concept. An experimental study has been carried out in a laboratory premixed combustor with pilot fuel injection. The relationship between the fluctuations of pressure in the combustion chamber and those of velocity at the injector was studied both experimentally (hot wire anemometry) and theoretically (1-D acoustic model of the injection line). Combustion tests in limit cycle conditions demonstrated that modifications in the geometry of the secondary injection affected the pressure fluctuations inside the combustion chamber. Depending on the geometry (and, hence, acoustic impedance), the instability was enhanced or damped. This demonstrates that the proposed ‘pseudo-active control’ can produce similar effects (at least, qualitatively) to those of active control, but only using passive means, as initially postulated.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Topics: Combustion , Damping

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