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Numerical Study on NOx Reduction in Pulse Detonation Combustion by Using Steam Injection Decoupled From Detonation Development

[+] Author Affiliations
Niclas Hanraths, Fabian Tolkmitt, Neda Djordjevic

Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Phillip Berndt

Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Paper No. GT2018-76842, pp. V04BT04A039; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2018-76842
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4B: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions
  • Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5106-7
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

Recently, the focus has been laid on the characteristics of pollutant emissions from pulse detonation combustion. Initial studies indicate possibly high nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions, so the assessment of potential primary reduction methods is advisable. The present work considers the following reduction methods: lean combustion, nitrogen and steam dilution as well as flue gas recirculation. Since such changes in the combustion mixture reduce its reactivity and thus detonability, they can impair a reliable operation in technical systems. In order to explore the potential and limitations of each of these reduction methods, they are compared for mixtures featuring an identical characteristic detonation cell size at given initial conditions. Furthermore, building upon the use of steam dilution, a modified method to add steam to the combustible mixture is investigated. In order to avoid the strong reduction of mixture detonability by steam addition and ensure a robust detonation formation, steam is injected into the already developed detonation front. It was found that, for sufficiently even steam distribution, NOx reduction comparable to a premixed dilution could be achieved. This approach enables the realization of NOx reduction in pulse detonation combustion also for such conditions, for which premix dilution is not feasible. Therefore, combining the premix dilution with post-shock injection offers a promising strategy to substantially reduce NOx emissions from pulse detonation combustion, while at the same time ensuring its reliable operation.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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