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Numerical and Experimental Investigation on an Effusion-Cooled Lean Burn Aeronautical Combustor: Aerothermal Field and Emissions

[+] Author Affiliations
L. Mazzei, S. Puggelli, D. Bertini, A. Andreini, B. Facchini

University of Florence, Florence, Italy

I. Vitale, A. Santoriello

GE Avio S.r.l., Rivalta di Torino, Italy

Paper No. GT2018-76765, pp. V04BT04A033; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2018-76765
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4B: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions
  • Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5106-7
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

Lean burn combustion is increasing its popularity in the aeronautical framework due to its potential in reducing drastically pollutant emissions (NOx and soot in particular). Its implementation however involves significant issues related to the increased amount of air dedicated to the combustion process, demanding the redesign of injection and cooling systems. Also the conditions at the combustor exit are a concern, as high turbulence, residual swirl and the impossibility to adjust the temperature profile with dilution holes determine a harsher environment for nozzle guide vanes.

This work describes the final stages of the design of an aeronautical effusion-cooled lean burn combustor. Full annular tests were carried out to measure temperature profiles and emissions (CO and NOx) at the combustor exit. Different operating conditions of the ICAO cycle were tested, considering Idle, Cruise, Approach and Take-Off. Scale-adaptive simulations with the Flamelet Generated Manifold combustion model were performed to extend the validation of the employed CFD methodology and to reproduce the experimental data in terms of RTDF/OTDF profiles as well as emission indexes. The satisfactory agreement paved the way to an exploitation of the methodology to provide a deeper understanding of the flow physics within the combustion chamber, highlighting the impact of the different operating conditions on flame, spray evolution and pollutant formation.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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