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Experimental Investigation of Ignition and LBO Characteristics of SPP Injector: The Effect of Pilot Stage Air Split Ratio

[+] Author Affiliations
Jinhu Yang, Cunxi Liu, Fuqiang Liu, Yong Mu, Chunyan Hu, Gang Xu

Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China

Haowei Wu

Beijing Power Machinery Institute, Beijing, China

Paper No. GT2018-76282, pp. V04BT04A017; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2018-76282
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4B: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions
  • Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5106-7
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

The influence of PASR (Pilot stage Air Split Ratio) on the ignition and LBO (Lean Blow Out) performances is experimentally investigated for an SPP (Stratified Partially Premixed) injector in this paper. The pilot stage of the SPP injector comprises two axial air swirlers as well as an air blast prefilm atomizer for pilot fuel preparation. It is believed that the variation of the air split ratio between the outer swirler and the inner swirler of the pilot stage will transform the flow structure and fuel distribution of the local flame anchoring zone, and consequently improves or deteriorates the stability of the pilot flame. The ignition and LBO characteristics were measured for PASR = 8:2, 7:3 and 6:4, and several inexplicable but interesting results are observed. In order to make out the underlying reasons for the differences of the obtained ignition and LBO data, the velocity field and spray concentration at the meridian plane were acquired experimentally with the help of optical diagnostics at isothermal conditions. It it concluded that two dominant mechanisms of flame stability exist depending on the range of the injector pressure drop (Δ Psw/P3t). At low pressure drop of the injector, the flame stability is mainly affected by the fuel distribution, however, the flow structure will play a more important role at high Δ Psw/P3t in that it can transform the local flow structures around the pilot flame root. The inherent correlations between the combustion stability and the flow structure as well as the fuel distribution are disscussed and conclusions are drawn for this research work in the end of this paper.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Topics: Ejectors , Ignition

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