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Investigation of Flow Characteristics in a Combustor With Opposed Jets

[+] Author Affiliations
Yongbin Ji, Bing Ge, Shusheng Zang

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

Paper No. GT2018-76278, pp. V04BT04A016; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2018-76278
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4B: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions
  • Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5106-7
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

Jet-in-cross flow (JICF) has been investigated broadly because of its wide engineering application, for example in the gas turbine field, film cooling on the turbine vanes and blades, primary and dilution jets in the combustors and so on. In the gas turbine combustors, the main flow is generated by the swirlers to stabilize the flame, which induces complicated 3D flow characteristics. Different from uniform main flow, swirling cross flow has a strong tangential velocity component, which will deflect the jets in the circumferential direction as well as in the streamwise direction. So, the degradation behavior of the jets is more complex than that in the uniform cross flow. This paper presents PIV measurement of the flow field inside of a three-nozzle annular combustor with opposed quenching jets on the liner walls. Dry ice as a newly proposed flow tracer was proposed and tried. The momentum flux ratio and jet holes configuration are studied to evaluate their effects on the primary recirculation zone, downstream flow field. Finally, numerical simulation was also performed to reveal 3D flow characteristics as well as turbulent kinetic energy generation. The results show that momentum flux ratio has a dominant influence on flow characteristics in the combustor. Getting better understanding of jets behavior in the swirling cross flow helps optimization design of quenching or dilution holes geometry and arrangement for the gas turbine combustor, which turns to be very beneficial to the low-emission and high efficient combustor development.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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