0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Analysis of the Mixing and Emission Characteristics in a Model Combustor

[+] Author Affiliations
Shan Li, Shanshan Zhang, Lingyun Hou, Zhuyin Ren

Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

Paper No. GT2018-76272, pp. V04BT04A014; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2018-76272
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4B: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions
  • Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5106-7
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

Modern gas turbines in power systems employ lean premixed combustion to lower flame temperature and thus achieve low NOx emissions. The fuel/air mixing process and its impacts on emissions are of paramount importance to combustor performance. In this study, the mixing process in a methane-fired model combustor was studied through an integrated experimental and numerical study. The experimental results show that at the dump location, the time-averaged fuel/air unmixedness is less than 10% over a wide range of testing conditions, demonstrating the good mixing performance of the specific premixer on the time-averaged level. A study of the effects of turbulent Schmidt number on the unmixedness prediction shows that for the complex flow field involved, it is challenging for Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations with constant turbulent Schmidt number to accurately predict the mixing process throughout the combustor. Further analysis reveals that the production and scalar dissipation are the key physical processes controlling the fuel/air mixing. Finally, the NOx formation in this model combustor was analyzed and modelled through a flamelet-based approach, in which NOx formation is characterized through flame-front NOx and its post-flame formation rate obtained from one-dimensional laminar premixed flames. The effect of fuel/air unmixedness on NOx formation is accounted for through the presumed probability density functions (PDF) of mixture fraction. Results show that the measured NOx in the model combustor are bounded by the model predictions with the fuel/air unmixedness being 3% and 5% of the maximum unmixedness. In the context of RANS, the accuracy in NOx prediction depends on the unmixedness prediction which is sensitive to turbulent Schmidt number.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In