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On the Periodically Unsteady Interaction of Wakes, Secondary Flow Development and Boundary Layer Flow in an Annular LPT Cascade: Part 1 — Experimental Investigation

[+] Author Affiliations
Martin Sinkwitz, Benjamin Winhart, David Engelmann, Francesca di Mare

Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany

Ronald Mailach

Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany

Paper No. GT2018-76802, pp. V02AT45A030; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 2A: Turbomachinery
  • Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5099-2
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


The results reported in this two-part — combined experimental and numerical — paper address the time-dependent impact of periodically unsteady wakes on the development of profile and end wall boundary layers and consequently on the secondary flow system. Experimental investigations are conducted on an annular 1.5 stage axial turbine rig at Ruhr-Universität Bochum’s Chair of Thermal Turbomachines and Aeroengines. The object under investigation is a modified T106 profile LPT stator row at a representative exit flow Reynolds number of 200,000. By making use of an annular geometry instead of a linear cascade, the influence of curvilinear end walls, non-uniform, increasing pitch across span and radial flow migration can be represented. Incoming wakes are generated by a variable-speed driven rotor equipped with cylindrical bars. Special emphasis is put on the wake-induced recurrent formation, suppression, weakening and displacement of individual vortices and separated flow regimes. For this, based on a comprehensive set of time-resolved measurement data, the interaction of impinging bar wakes and boundary layer flow and thus separation and its periodic manipulation along the passage end walls and on the blade suction surface are studied within the frequency domain.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



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