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Optimised Test Rig for Measurements of Aerodynamic and Aeroacoustic Performance of Leading Edge Serrations in Low-Speed Fan Application

[+] Author Affiliations
Till M. Biedermann, F. Kameier

University of Applied Sciences Duesseldorf, Duesseldorf, Germany

C. O. Paschereit

Technical University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Paper No. GT2018-75369, pp. V001T09A002; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2018-75369
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Fans and Blowers; Marine
  • Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5098-5
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

With the aim of analysing the efficiency of leading edge serrations under realistic conditions, an experimental rig was developed where a ducted low-speed fan is installed that allows to gather data of both, aerodynamic and aeroacoustic nature. Turbulent inflow conditions were generated via biplane-square grids, resulting in turbulence intensities of different magnitude and of high isotropic character that were quantified by use of hotwire measurements. The fan blades were designed according to the NACA65(12)-10 profile with interchangeable features and an independently adjustable angle of attack. Altogether, five different parameters can be analysed, namely the serration amplitude and wavelength, the angle of attack, the inflow turbulence and the rotational speed. In addition, the blade design allows for a variation of the blade skew, sweep and dihedral as well. The presented work focusses on validating and optimising the test rig as well as a detailed quantification of the turbulent inflow conditions. Furthermore, first aerodynamic and aeroacoustic results of fan blades with straight leading edges are compared to those of serrated leading edges. The aerodynamic performance was found to be mainly affected by the serrations as a function of the serration amplitude. Aeroacoustically, a clear sensitivity towards different incoming turbulence intensities and serration parameters was detected, showing significant broadband noise reduction below 2 kHz with an overall noise reduction of ΔOASPL = 3.4 dB at maximum serration amplitudes and minimum wavelengths.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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