0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Modeling of Flow Distribution in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

[+] Author Affiliations
Omid Babaie Rizvandi, Serhat Yesilyurt

Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey

Paper No. ICNMM2018-7658, pp. V001T12A002; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/ICNMM2018-7658
From:
  • ASME 2018 16th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • ASME 2018 16th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Dubrovnik, Croatia, June 10–13, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5119-7
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

Analysis and design of flow fields for proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) require coupled solution of the flow fields, gas transport and electrochemical reaction kinetics in the anode and the cathode. Computational cost prohibits the widespread use of three-dimensional models of the anode and cathode flow fields, gas diffusion layers (GDL), catalyst layers (CL) and the membrane for fluid flow and mass transport. On the other-hand, detailed cross-sectional two-dimensional models cannot resolve the effects of the anode and cathode flow field designs. Here, a two-dimensional in-plane model is developed for the resolution of the effects of anode and cathode flow channels and GDLs, catalyst layers are treated as thin-layers of reaction interfaces and the membrane is considered as a thin-layer that resist the transfer of species and the ionic current. Brinkman equations are used to model the in-plane flow distribution in the channels and the GDLs to account for the momentum transport in the channels and the porous GDLs. Fick’s law equations are used to model transport of gas species in the channels and GDLs by advection and diffusion mechanisms, and electrochemical reactions in the CL interfaces are modeled by Butler-Volmer equations. Complete features of the flow in the channels and inlet and outlet manifolds are included in the model using resistance relationships in the through-plane direction. The model is applied to a small cell having an active area of 1.3 cm2 and consisting of 8 parallel channels in the anode and a double serpentine in the cathode. Effects of the anode and cathode stoichiometric ratios on the cell performance and hydrogen utilization are investigated. Results demonstrate that for a sufficiently high cathode stoichiometric ratio enough, anode stoichiometric ratio can be lowered to unity to obtain very high hydrogen utilization and output power.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In