Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Effect of Geogrid Inclusion on Ballast Resilient Modulus: The Concept of ‘Geogrid Gain Factor’

[+] Author Affiliations
S. M. Naziur Mahmud, Debakanta Mishra

Boise State University, Boise, ID

David O. Potyondy

Itasca Consulting Group, Inc., Minneapolis, MN

Paper No. JRC2018-6126, pp. V001T01A005; 10 pages
  • 2018 Joint Rail Conference
  • 2018 Joint Rail Conference
  • Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, April 18–20, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Rail Transportation Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5097-8
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


Geogrid reinforcement of railroad ballast improves its structural response under loading, limits lateral movement of ballast particles, and reduces vertical settlement through effective geogrid-ballast interlocking. This improved performance can be linked to improved shear strength and resilient modulus properties. An ongoing research study at Boise State University is focusing on investigating the effects of different specimen and test parameters on the mechanism of geogrid-ballast interaction. A commercially available Discrete Element Modeling (DEM) program (PFC3D®) is being used for this purpose, and the effect of geogrid inclusion is being quantified through calculation of the “Geogrid Gain Factor”, defined as the ratio between resilient-modulus of a geogrid-reinforced ballast specimen and that of an unreinforced specimen. Typical load-unload cycles in triaxial shear strength tests are being simulated, and parametric studies are being conducted to determine the effects of particle-size distribution, geogrid aperture size, and geogrid location on railroad-ballast modulus. This paper presents findings from the research study, and presents inferences concerning implications of the study findings on design and construction of better-performing ballast layers.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In