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Effect of Rotor Tip Winglet on the Performance and Stability of a Transonic Axial Compressor

[+] Author Affiliations
Subbaramu Shivaramaiah, Quamber H. Nagpurwala, Mahesh K. Varpe, H. K. Narahari

M.S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Bangalore, India

Paper No. GTINDIA2017-4686, pp. V001T01A011; 12 pages
  • ASME 2017 Gas Turbine India Conference
  • Volume 1: Compressors, Fans and Pumps; Turbines; Heat Transfer; Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • Bangalore, India, December 7–8, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5850-9
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


Winglets are plane surfaces with certain thickness and different shapes. Winglets are used in aircraft to reduce wing tip vortex which is created due to differential pressure in between pressure surface and suction surface. In transonic axial compressor, rotor tip leakage vortex interaction with shock layer and shroud boundary layer leads to total pressure loss and initiation of stall phenomenon. Effect of tip winglets are investigated in compressor rotor cascade. Cascade investigation shows that rotor tip winglet are able to reduce total pressure loss due to tip leakage flow and blade passage secondary flow. Cascade studies are performed with winglet on blade suction side, pressure side and combination of both. From cascade studies it is revealed that suction side winglet are aerodynamically better than pressure side and combined winglets. Owing to favorable results of tip winglet on compressor cascade performance, it was assumed that tip winglets would enhance overall performance of transonic compressor stage with rotating rotor. Results of present CFD simulations have predicted both positive and negative effects of winglets. Effect of different winglet configurations on pressure side and suction side of rotor blade tip are investigated to analyze the compressor stage overall performance. Rotor tip winglets are able to increase stage total pressure ratio compare to the baseline stage without winglet. Stage with winglets have shown better performance in choke region. Winglets are able to vary rotor blade loading from hub to tip region. Presence of winglet has shown ability to reduce to total pressure loss in trailing edge wake region. Stall margin is decreased in compressor stage with winglets due to more blockage towards trailing edge in tip region.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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