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Development of a Thermo-Metallurgical Model to Predict Heating and Austenitization of 22MnB5 for Hot Forming Die Quenching

[+] Author Affiliations
M. Verma, J. R. Culham, M. Di Ciano, K. J. Daun

University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada

Paper No. IMECE2017-71013, pp. V008T10A057; 9 pages
  • ASME 2017 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 8: Heat Transfer and Thermal Engineering
  • Tampa, Florida, USA, November 3–9, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5843-1
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


Hot forming die quenching (HFDQ) is used to transform ultrahigh strength steel blanks into martensitic body-in-white components that are lighter than parts made from traditional mild steels, without sacrificing crash performance. The part is sometimes locally reinforced by spot-welding patches to the blanks, but the increased thickness of the patched blanks sometimes results in incomplete austenitization, which can compromise the strength of as-formed parts. This paper presents an integrated thermo-metallurgical model of the austenitization of Al-Si coated 22MnB5 within a roller hearth furnace. While previous models account for the latent heat of austenitization by heuristically adjusting the specific heat, the present model explicitly simulates austenite formation using a first-order metallurgy submodel derived from dilatometry measurements. The model is validated by comparing predicted temperatures to measurements carried out on coupons heated within a lab-scale muffle furnace and full-sized blanks heated in an industrial-scale roller hearth furnace. Finally, the model is used to optimize roller speed based on zone temperatures.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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