Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Numerical Investigation of a Tunnel Fire Under Longitudinal Ventilation

[+] Author Affiliations
Konstantinos G. Stokos, Sokrates Tsangaris

National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece

Georgios N. Lygidakis, Ioannis K. Nikolos

Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece

Paper No. IMECE2017-70148, pp. V008T10A002; 10 pages
  • ASME 2017 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 8: Heat Transfer and Thermal Engineering
  • Tampa, Florida, USA, November 3–9, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5843-1
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


A numerical investigation was performed, applying a relatively recently developed in-house academic solver against a fire case in a tunnel with longitudinal ventilation. In particular, two such test cases were encountered, whose differences are focused on the ventilation velocity, as well as on the heat release rate of the imposed heat source. The proposed methodology considers the solution of the Navier-Stokes and energy equations in conjunction with a finite-volume radiative heat transfer method and a wall conduction model. In that way the most important aspects of fire phenomena in tunnels are taken into account and, consequently, a more realistic simulation of them is succeeded. The predicted results (temperature profiles downstream the heat source, back-layering lengths, flame angles, etc.) were compared satisfactorily with those of corresponding numerical simulations and available experimental data, demonstrating the equal potential of the proposed solver for such test cases, despite different methodologies were followed. Moreover, the contribution of the aforementioned radiation and wall conduction modeling to the final solution was thoroughly examined. The incorporation of these models is revealed of crucial importance for the extraction of realistic temperature profiles and backflows, while the same does not apply for the prediction of the flame angles.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Topics: Ventilation , Fire , Tunnels



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In