0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

PIV and LIF Measurements in Aortic Dissection Models

[+] Author Affiliations
Elie Salameh, Wadih Khoury, Charbel Saade, Ghanem F. Oweis

American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon

Paper No. IMECE2017-71426, pp. V003T04A007; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2017-71426
From:
  • ASME 2017 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
  • Tampa, Florida, USA, November 3–9, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5836-3
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

In this work an in-vitro flow experiment is conducted to elucidate the flow behavior in simplified aortic dissection (AD) disease geometries. In AD, the innermost layer of the aortic wall is locally and partially torn allowing blood to flow between the wall layers forming a parallel blood stream in what is known as the false lumen. The aim of this work is to elucidate the disease flow physics, and to provide guidance in diagnostic radiology, particularly contrast injected computed tomography (CT), where understanding flow patterns and mixing behavior is important for accurate diagnosis. In contrast-CT, dye is injected in the peripheral blood stream to illuminate the blood vessels and identify vascular abnormalities. The flow patterns and the dye transport dynamics impact the nature of the CT images and their interpretation. Particle image velocimetry (PIV) is used to quantify the AD flow fields, and laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) is implemented to visualize and assess the mixing behavior of dye in the false and true lumens. Interesting flow patterns are revealed and discussed in the context of their possible contribution to tear expansion and flapping, and to the elevated mean pressure in the false lumen that is reported in the literature.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In