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Directional Noise Reduction via Asymmetric Downstream Fluidic Injection

[+] Author Affiliations
Pankaj Rajput

Tandon School of Engineering, Brooklyn, NY

Sunil Kumar

New York University Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, UAE

Paper No. IMECE2017-71258, pp. V001T03A026; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2017-71258
From:
  • ASME 2017 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Advances in Aerospace Technology
  • Tampa, Florida, USA, November 3–9, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5834-9
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

The main aim of this investigation is to analyze directional noise reduction resulting from asymmetric high momentum fluidic injection downstream of a Mach 0.9 nozzle. Jet noise has been identified as one of the primary obstacles to increasing commercial aviation capacity. Microjets in cross flow are known to enhance turbulent mixing in the shear layer due to the induced stream-wise vortices. This enhanced mixing can be used for reorganizing the spatial distribution of acoustic energy. Targeted reduction in the downward-emitted turbulent mixing noise can be achieved by strategically injecting high momentum fluid downstream of the jet exhaust. Detailed Large Eddy Simulations were performed on a hybrid block structured-unstructured mesh to generate the flow field which was then used for near field and far field noise computation. Aeroacoustic analogy based formulation was used for computing far-field noise estimation. Benchmark cases were validated with preexisting experimental data sets. Mean flow measurements suggest shorter jet core lengths due to the enhanced mixing resulting from fluidic injection. The induced asymmetry due to the fluidic injection gives rise to an asymmetric acoustic field leading to targeted directional noise reduction in the far field as measured by pressure probes.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Topics: Noise control

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