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Coherent Structures in Turbulent Boundary Layer Flows Over a Shallow Cavity

[+] Author Affiliations
Khaled J. Hammad

Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT

Paper No. IMECE2017-70142, pp. V001T03A001; 11 pages
  • ASME 2017 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Advances in Aerospace Technology
  • Tampa, Florida, USA, November 3–9, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5834-9
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) analysis of high-resolution Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurements is used to identify the most energetic coherent structures of the turbulent flow field resulting from the interaction of a turbulent boundary layer with a shallow cavity. The PIV measurements capture the flow structure and turbulence, upstream, over, and downstream of a shallow open cavity. Two sets of PIV measurements corresponding to a turbulent incoming boundary layer and a cavity length-to-depth ratio of four are used. The cavity depth based Reynolds numbers are 21,000 and 42,000. The first six POD modes are found to contain a substantial percentage of the overall turbulent energy, approximately 45.2% and 45.7% for Reynolds numbers of 21,000 and 42,000, respectively. The overall spatial and modal energy content distribution are almost identical for both Reynolds numbers. The spatial flow characteristics of POD modes 1–6 reveal the existence of vortical structures, developing in the mixing region, that grow in size as they approach the trailing edge of the cavity. POD mode number one, containing approximately 20% of the overall turbulent energy, represents non-impinging vortices interaction with the cavity trailing edge, while POD modes 2–6 capture various stages of the impinging vortices type of interaction.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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