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A Design Optimization Model for an Alternating Flow (AF) Hydraulic Pump Based on First Principles

[+] Author Affiliations
Mengtang Li, Eric J. Barth

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN

Ryan Foss, Kim A. Stelson, James D. Van de Ven

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

Paper No. DSCC2017-5171, pp. V003T27A007; 8 pages
  • ASME 2017 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 3: Vibration in Mechanical Systems; Modeling and Validation; Dynamic Systems and Control Education; Vibrations and Control of Systems; Modeling and Estimation for Vehicle Safety and Integrity; Modeling and Control of IC Engines and Aftertreatment Systems; Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and Their Applications; Dynamics and Control of Renewable Energy Systems; Energy Harvesting; Control of Smart Buildings and Microgrids; Energy Systems
  • Tysons, Virginia, USA, October 11–13, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5829-5
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


Although current state of the art hydraulic variable displacement pumps are highly efficiently at high displacement, they have poor efficiency at low displacement. Besides, different operating speed and load pressure conditions also strongly affect their performance. This paper proposed a novel alternating flow (AF) hydraulic variable displacement pump to 1) eliminate throttling loss by acting as a high-bandwidth pump for displacement control, 2) achieve high efficiency across a wide range of operating conditions and displacements, and 3) allow multiple units to be easily common-shaft mounted for a compact multi-actuator displacement control system from a single prime-mover. This paper presents a simple closed form model for the AF hydraulic pump and shows the model validation with a first generation prototype. The simple closed form model captures input motor energy, output fluid energy and associated energy losses. With the closed form model validated, it can then be used to drive optimal design for future generation prototypes using a dimensionless group method.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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