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Kalman Filtering-Aided Optical Localization of Mobile Robots: System Design and Experimental Validation

[+] Author Affiliations
Jason N. Greenberg, Xiaobo Tan

Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI

Paper No. DSCC2017-5368, pp. V002T21A013; 11 pages
  • ASME 2017 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Mechatronics; Estimation and Identification; Uncertain Systems and Robustness; Path Planning and Motion Control; Tracking Control Systems; Multi-Agent and Networked Systems; Manufacturing; Intelligent Transportation and Vehicles; Sensors and Actuators; Diagnostics and Detection; Unmanned, Ground and Surface Robotics; Motion and Vibration Control Applications
  • Tysons, Virginia, USA, October 11–13, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5828-8
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


Localization of mobile robots in GPS-denied envrionments (e.g., underwater) is of great importance to achieving navigation and other missions for these robots. In our prior work a concept of Simultaneous Localization And Communication (SLAC) was proposed, where the line of sight (LOS) requirement in LED-based communication is exploited to extract the relative bearing of the two communicating parties for localization purposes. The concept further involves the use of Kalman filtering for prediction of the mobile robot’s position, to reduce the overhead in establishing LOS. In this work the design of such a SLAC system is presented and experimentally evaluated in a two-dimensional setting, where a mobile robot localizes itself through wireless LED links with two stationary base nodes. Experimental results are presented to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach and the important role the Kalman filter plays in reducing the localization error. The effect of the distance between the base nodes on the localization performance is further studied, which bears implications in future SLAC systems where mobile base nodes can be reconfigured adaptively to maximize the localization performance.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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