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Temperature Influence on Electrical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes Modified Solid Electrolyte-Based Structural Supercapacitor

[+] Author Affiliations
G. Y. Liao, S. Geier, T. Mahrholz, P. Wierach, M. Wiedemann

German Aerospace Center (DLR e.V.), Braunschweig, Germany

Paper No. SMASIS2017-3908, pp. V001T01A011; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/SMASIS2017-3908
From:
  • ASME 2017 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems
  • Volume 1: Development and Characterization of Multifunctional Materials; Mechanics and Behavior of Active Materials; Bioinspired Smart Materials and Systems; Energy Harvesting; Emerging Technologies
  • Snowbird, Utah, USA, September 18–20, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5825-7
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

In the present work, we report on structural supercapacitors which are based on NASICON-type solid electrolyte Li1.4Al0.4Ti1.6(PO4)3 (LATP). The nanostructured electrodes incorporate single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) mixed with the LATP electrolyte. The complete energy storage devices are manufactured in a sandwich structure consisting of two nanostructured electrode layers which are separated by a pure LATP layer. The as-prepared specimens are embedded in composite materials with Airstone 880/886H epoxy resin as matrix. Their electrical properties are characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). At ambient temperature, the addition of 6.5 wt. % SWCNTs results in a distinct improvement by reducing the total resistance of the embedded devices and enhances the capacitance from 0.025 mF g−1 to 3.160 mF g−1 at a scan rate of 5 mV s−1. Electrical measurements of two types of specimens are then applied under different temperatures from ambient temperature to 80 °C. It is observed that the equivalent series resistance (ESR) of device with SWCNTs decreases greatly and capacitance increases comparing with the device without SWCNTs. As a conclusion, the structural supercapacitors acquire excellent performance through high efficient double layer effects realized by nanostructured electrode/electrolyte interphase (large surface electrode areas).

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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