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Identifying and Managing Dilemmas for Sustainable Development of Rural India

[+] Author Affiliations
Abhishek Yadav, Janet K. Allen, Farrokh Mistree

University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK

Ashok K. Das

SunMoksha Power Private Limited, Bengaluru, India

Ram Babu Roy

Indian Institutes of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India

Archana Chatterjee

International Union for Conservation of Nature, New Delhi, India

Paper No. DETC2017-67592, pp. V007T06A017; 17 pages
  • ASME 2017 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 7: 29th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology
  • Cleveland, Ohio, USA, August 6–9, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5821-9
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


In this paper, we present a method for identifying conflicts (Dilemmas) that have zero-sum solutions among the three aspects (Drivers) of sustainability, namely, social (people), environment (planet), and economic (profit) values. We develop the value proposition that is anchored in sustainable rural development by converting these zero-sum solutions to positive-sum solutions. Rural development is difficult, and it must be initiated from within the communities with the involvement of local people. We hypothesize that social entrepreneurs can serve as the proverbial lynchpin between the rural population and other agencies (government, non-government, banks, and industry). Hence in this paper, we use the constructs of a dilemma triangle and spheres of sustainability to propose a method to identify and manage dilemmas associated with creating a sustainable eco-system. We use example of a village in India to illustrate the method and to develop the value proposition for the village. The focus in this paper is on the method, rather than the results per se.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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