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Design Whodunit: The Relationship Between Individual Characteristics and Interaction Behaviors in Design Concept Generation

[+] Author Affiliations
Neeraj Sonalkar, Ade Mabogunje, Larry Leifer

Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA

Kathryn Jablokow

Penn State University, Malvern, PA

Jonathan Edelman

Royal College of Art, London, UK

Paper No. DETC2017-68239, pp. V007T06A009; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2017-68239
From:
  • ASME 2017 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 7: 29th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology
  • Cleveland, Ohio, USA, August 6–9, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5821-9
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between interaction behaviors and the cognitive characteristics of participating individuals in engineering design teams engaged in concept generation. Individual characteristics were measured using the Kirton Adaption-Innovation inventory (KAI), which assesses an individual’s cognitive preference for structure in seeking and responding to change. Team interactions were measured using the Interaction Dynamics Notation (IDN), which allows interaction behaviors to be quantitatively analyzed. A correlation analysis revealed statistically significant correlations between individual characteristics and specific interaction behaviors, and ideation utterances. An interaction sequence analysis of the team data also revealed specific interaction sequences associated with greater probabilities of idea occurrence within the team. These findings serve as a first step towards building a cognitive-behavioral model of engineering design team performance.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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