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Relationship Between Threshold Current Density of Electromigration Damage Considering Void and Hillock Formation and Reservoir Shape in Interconnect Line

[+] Author Affiliations
Ryuji Takaya, Kazuhiko Sasagawa, Kazuhiro Fujisaki, Takeshi Moriwaki

Hirosaki University, Bunkyo-cho, Japan

Paper No. IPACK2017-74092, pp. V001T01A004; 5 pages
  • ASME 2017 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems collocated with the ASME 2017 Conference on Information Storage and Processing Systems
  • ASME 2017 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems
  • San Francisco, California, USA, August 29–September 1, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5809-7
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


Reservoir structures are often constructed in the interconnection to prevent the electromigration damages. In this study, a numerical simulation technique for analyzing the atomic density distributions in the line under high current density was used to evaluate the effects of reservoir length and location on the threshold current density considering void and hillock generations.

The threshold current density is determined when the local atomic density in the line reaches the upper critical value for hillock creation or the lower critical value for void generation. Atomic density distributions in the line were simulated when cathode and anode reservoir lengths were changed.

The threshold current density considering void formation became higher with longer cathode reservoir and shorter anode reservoir. However, opposite results obtained in the case of hillock formation. It was found that there was an optimum value of reservoir length, corresponding to both critical values of hillock and void initiation.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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