0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Leak Detection Assessment of a Through Wall Crack in a Circumferential Weld

[+] Author Affiliations
Peter Gill, Colin Madew

Amec Foster Wheeler, Warrington, UK

Steve Booth

EDF Energy, Gloucester, UK

Paper No. PVP2017-65985, pp. V06BT06A016; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2017-65985
From:
  • ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6B: Materials and Fabrication
  • Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA, July 16–20, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5800-4
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

A leak detection assessment at a circumferential weld has been carried out to support a Leak-before-Break argument. This was performed using detailed finite element analysis (FEA) of the component to determine limiting defect sizes and crack opening areas. Leak rates of CO2 were then calculated and were found to be at an acceptable level.

The loading on the component were complex, including thermal, pressure and weld residual stresses. The thermal field originated from both a steady state operating condition and hold point during start up plant state. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) was used to generate the thermal fields for this component and the crack was postulated to occur at the region of highest opening stress along the weld. In addition to the thermal field, the weld was also subjected to a residual stress, which was applied in the model via a novel application method that is described in the paper.

The FEA incorporated temperature dependent Ramberg-Osgood stress strain data that was generated from tensile data. For the limiting defect size calculation, lower bound material properties were used, and for the crack opening area, mean properties were used.

Various crack sizes were considered and J-integrals were calculated and compared against the material toughness of the weld. This enabled the calculation of a limiting defect size, and crack opening area, so that a leakage rate could then be calculated. Contour independence was observed for the J-integral evaluation giving confidence that the finite element meshes were fit for purpose.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In