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Development of Fit-for-Purpose Austenitic Stainless Steels With High Polythionic Acid Stress Corrosion Resistance

[+] Author Affiliations
Takahiro Osuki, Masahiro Seto, Hirokazu Okada, Masayuki Sagara, Satoshi Matsumoto

Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation, Amagasaki, Japan

Toshihide Ono

Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation of America, Houston, TX

Paper No. PVP2017-65536, pp. V06AT06A010; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2017-65536
From:
  • ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6A: Materials and Fabrication
  • Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA, July 16–20, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5799-1
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

In the process units with Polythionic Acid Stress Corrosion Cracking (PTA-SCC) such as hydrotreater or hydrocracker, the neutralization treatment like soda ash washing and/or PWHT, Post Weld Heat Treatment, are conducted for stabilized austenitic stainless steels of TP321H or TP347H to mitigate the potential of PTA-SCC. 347AP, the proprietary version of Type 347LN, is remarkable for the possibility to save the fabrication and turnaround cost by the elimination of the neutralization treatment and/or PWHT and its reliability to PTA-SCC resistance without PWHT and neutralization was proven by the long-term service experience. However it has not been investigated the difference between 347AP and TP347H for the Stress Relaxation (SR) cracking resistance of welded joint required for the long term operation at elevated temperature.

On the other hand, in atmospheric distillation units and vacuum distillation units using the crude containing high Total Acid Number (TAN), the resistances to both Naphthenic Acid Corrosion (NAC) and PTA-SCC are required by elevating the design temperature. Therefore, Fit-for-purpose austenitic stainless steels with high PTA-SCC resistance without stabilization treatment are required for the complicated environment with the variation of temperature, pressure and fluid in petroleum refinery process using the crude containing high S content.

In this study, SR cracking susceptibility of 347AP is investigated and it is found that 347AP has lower SR cracking susceptibility than TP347H without stabilization treatment.

Next, in order to improve NAC resistance compared with 347AP, the effect of Mo, Cu and W contents to NAC are investigated based on 347AP, and it is clarified that the increase of Mo content greater than 3% is the most effective to improve NAC resistance. Moreover, the conventional welding filler with the similar NAC and PTA-SCC resistances to base metal is investigated, and it is reported that ER NiCrCoMo-1 filler was recommended for the welding fabrication of Fit-for-purpose austenitic stainless steels with high PTA-SCC resistance.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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