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Surface Stress Analysis of Internally Corroded Pipes Under External Pressure

[+] Author Affiliations
Zhanfeng Chen, Xiaoli Shen, Hao Ye, Sunting Yan, Zhijiang Jin

Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

Paper No. PVP2017-66163, pp. V005T05A014; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2017-66163
From:
  • ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 5: High-Pressure Technology; ASME Nondestructive Evaluation, Diagnosis and Prognosis Division (NDPD); SPC Track for Senate
  • Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA, July 16–20, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5798-4
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

Corrosion often leads to the failure of transporting pipelines. The surface stresses on the corroded pipes are related to the failure pressure. In this paper, a double circular arc (DCA) model is developed to calculate the surface stress of the internal corroded pipes under external pressure. In addition, a critical corrosion ratio and a critical thickness-to-diameter ratio are presented to determine the location of the maximum stress. Based on the stress function method and bipolar coordinates, an analytical solution of the DCA model was obtained. And then the stress distributions on the internal and external surfaces of the corroded pipes were determined. Next, the equivalent and hoop stresses at several locations in the cross section of the corroded pipes were discussed. The calculated results were validated using finite element method (FEM). Results show that the maximum stresses vary from the internal surface to the external surface with the increase of the corrosion ratio or the thickness-to-diameter ratio. Our research provides a benchmark for approximate solutions to predict the failure pressure and assess the integrity of the corroded pipelines.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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