0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Acoustical Characteristics of Single and Two-Phase Horizontal Pipe Flow Through an Orifice

[+] Author Affiliations
S. P. C. Belfroid

TNO, Delft, Netherlands

Paper No. PVP2017-65732, pp. V004T04A053; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2017-65732
From:
  • ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 4: Fluid-Structure Interaction
  • Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA, July 16–20, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5797-7
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

In this work, the acoustic effects of horizontal air-water flow through an orifice are investigated experimentally. Single phase flow (air) and two-phase flow (air and water) tests are performed for two sets of orifices. One set of straight edged and one set of upstream rounded orifices. For each set, the diameters of the orifices were 2, 5, and 10mm, with a thickness of 5 mm. The two-phase flow is generated by injecting water at a rate of 0 to 40 g/s to air in a pipe with diameter of 25 mm. The air rate is fixed in the range from 5.8 to 14 g/s, where the upstream pressure varies from 1.5 to 4 bar at ambient temperature. Unsteady pressure fluctuations are recorded at two upstream and two downstream position.

The valve noise standard NEN-EN-IEC (60534-8-3, 2011) for dry gas is assessed by means of experimental data in dry conditions at fixed air mass flow rate. Predictions of sound power spectra by means of the standard are found to be more accurate compared to those obtained following Reethof & Ward (1986), also in conditions of a choked orifice.

In case of multiphase flow already at very low liquid fractions of much less than 1%, the standard is no longer valid. The frequency spectrum is no longer determined by the jet noise but starts to be dominated by low frequency general multiphase flow. The Strouhal number based on the jet conditions is an order lower than Sr = 0.2 indicating process variations rather than jet noise. Furthermore, at choking conditions the further expansion which occurs in single phase flow is likely different at multiphase flow. For non-choked flow, the standard can be adapted using multiphase mixture properties. This does lead to a good prediction. However at choked conditions, this method fails.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In